Financial Poise
Share this...

All Articles by David M. Freedman

David M. Freedman

About David M. Freedman

David M. Freedman has worked as a financial and legal journalist since 1978. He has served on the editorial staffs of business, trade and professional journals, most recently as senior editor of The Value Examiner (National Association of Certified Valuators and Analysts). He is coauthor of Equity Crowdfunding for Investors, published in June 2015 by John Wiley & Sons. Freedman has served as moderator and panelist for several Financial Poise webinars on crowdfunding, angel investing and the JOBS Act of 2012. In addition to finance and law, Dave has written extensively about real estate, economics, social media, natural resources and woodworking. He lives in the Chicago area, and is a member of the Alliance for the Great Lakes.

Title IV (Regulation A+)

Title IV of the Jumpstart Our Business Startups (JOBS) Act of 2012 expands the moribund Regulation A exemption by increasing the raise limit from $5 to $50 million. Non-accredited investors could participate in Reg A offerings before 2012, and they still can under Title IV but with certain limits.

Read More

Intrastate Equity CrowdFinancing

The Jumpstart Our Business Startups (JOBS) Act was signed into law in March 2012. Title III of the act, which legalized equity crowdfunding, could not launch until the SEC issued final rules for the operation of funding portals.Meanwhile, some states decided to get their own jumpstart going. Relying on the intrastate exemption from SEC registration, at least 24 states—led by Kansas and Georgia—have enacted legislation or promulgated regulations that allow unlimited numbers of non-accredited investors (everyone) to participate in small private securities offerings.

Read More

Portals & Broker-Dealers

Two kinds of intermediaries may conduct Title III equity crowdfunding offerings and transactions: (1) funding portals that are not registered broker-dealers, and (2) offering platforms that are registered broker-dealers. Both kinds must be registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Read More

What’s an Angel Investor?

Angels often provide the first round of “outside” capital—that is, outside of the founders’ employees, family, and friends (the three Fs). Angel capital may be in the form of straight debt, convertible debt, or equity

Read More

Title III Deal Flow

Smart entrepreneurs, some Title III crowdfunding skeptics say, do not want hundreds or thousands of unsophisticated angel investors mucking up their capitalization tables, annoying founders with questions, suggestions, job applications, and—gulp—complaints.

Read More

Fundamentals of Corporate Structures and Private Securities

Title III equity offerings are predominantly C corporation stock, limited liability company (LLC) membership units, convertible debt, and a relatively new structure called a simple agreement for future equity (SAFE). This article covers the fundamentals of each of these securities, and their advantages and drawbacks for investors.

Read More

Secondary Markets

Crowdfunded equity investments are generally illiquid for two reasons: (a) the one-year holding period and (b) the lack of organized secondary markets for Title III shares.

Read More

Crowdfunding Under The JOBS Act – Title III

Title III of the Jumpstart Our Business Startups (JOBS) Act of 2012 allows all investors, regardless of income or net worth, to invest in startups and growing private companies. Title III offerings may be listed only through intermediaries known as funding portals and broker-dealer platforms that are registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Read More

Angel Investor Fundamentals

An angel investor is an individual who provides capital from his or her own funds to a private business owned and operated by someone who is neither a friend nor a family member. Angels often provide the first round of “outside” capital—that is, outside of the founders’ family and friends (the three Fs). Angel capital may be in the form of straight debt, convertible debt, or equity purchases.

Read More

The Coming ‘Transformation’ in Private Capital Markets

The Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 spawned several innovations in small-business financing. Mary Jo White, the SEC chair, said in January 2014 that thanks to the JOBS Act, “[W]e are at the start of what promises to be a period of transformative change in capital formation.” Title II of the JOBS act lifted […]

Read More
Share
Hide
>