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All Articles by David M. Freedman

David M. Freedman

About David M. Freedman

David M. Freedman has worked as a financial and legal journalist since 1978. He has served on the editorial staffs of business, trade and professional journals, most recently as senior editor of The Value Examiner (National Association of Certified Valuators and Analysts). He is coauthor of Equity Crowdfunding for Investors, published in June 2015 by John Wiley & Sons. Freedman has served as moderator and panelist for several Financial Poise webinars on crowdfunding, angel investing and the JOBS Act of 2012. In addition to finance and law, Dave has written extensively about real estate, economics, social media, natural resources and woodworking. He lives in the Chicago area, and is a member of the Alliance for the Great Lakes.

The Basics of Convertible Debt

Many of the companies that sell securities via Title III crowdfunding portals, at least in the first year or two, will be early-stage startups with little or no history of profit or even positive cash flow.
“In many cases, issuers can avoid thorny disagreements over valuation by offering hybrid securities known as convertible notes to crowdfunding investors”…

Crowdfunding Platform Profile: 99Funding

In this article I profile a pioneer in the securities crowdfunding world: 99Funding, a broker-dealer-affiliated funding platform that currently features Regulation D offerings (for accredited investors only) and plans to introduce Title III offerings this month.

Equity Crowdfunding

The aspect of the JOBS Act that has the potential to touch the largest number of Americans is Title III (“the crowdfunding exemption”).
Do you need to know about equity crowdfunding? If you are a typical reader of The Corporate Counselor, the answer is yes, but only in connection with the potential future acquisition of, or investment in, a company that raised money by equity crowdfunding.

Distinguishing Crowdfunding Portals and Broker-Dealer Platforms Under Title III

There are important distinctions between funding portals and broker-dealer platforms. Funding portals are a new type of intermediary created by Title III of the JOBS Act, while broker-dealers have been established market makers for many decades. A broker-dealer can be an individual or a company.

Equity Crowdfinancing Risks & Returns

The potential rewards of angel investing are not just financial, though. There are also strategic benefits, which may include:

What is Equity Crowdfinancing?

Crowdfunding, or crowdfinancing, is a method of collecting many small contributions, by means of an online funding platform, to finance or capitalize a popular enterprise. As crowdfunding is so new, there is much confusion in the marketplace about it—for example, many people still think of Kickstarter as the epitome of crowdfunding.

Title IV (Regulation A+)

Title IV of the Jumpstart Our Business Startups (JOBS) Act of 2012 expands the moribund Regulation A exemption by increasing the raise limit from $5 to $50 million. Non-accredited investors could participate in Reg A offerings before 2012, and they still can under Title IV but with certain limits.

Title III of the JOBS Act

Title III of the Jumpstart Our Business Startups (JOBS) Act of 2012 allows all investors, regardless of income or net worth, to invest in startups and growing private companies via funding portals that are registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

How to Avoid Fraud in Equity Crowdfunding

Supporters of crowdfunding acknowledge that some fraud will probably occur, as it does everywhere—including the public securities markets. But they point to the low instance of fraud in rewards-based crowdfunding in the United States, and in equity-based crowdfunding in Australia (since 2006) and the United Kingdom (since 2012), where unsophisticated investors participate in private securities offerings.

Alternative Investments When Stocks Decline

Assessing the Wisdom of the Crowd in Equity Crowdfunding

On equity crowdfunding portals and platforms, you will have an opportunity to collaborate on deal selection and due diligence with other investors. Like social networks, the portals/platforms will show profiles of the investors who participate in these discussions, so you can assess their expertise and credibility.