Financial Poise

All Articles by David M. Freedman

David M. Freedman

About David M. Freedman

David M. Freedman has worked as a financial and legal journalist since 1978. He has served on the editorial staffs of business, trade and professional journals, most recently as senior editor of The Value Examiner (National Association of Certified Valuators and Analysts). He is coauthor of Equity Crowdfunding for Investors, published in June 2015 by John Wiley & Sons. Freedman has served as moderator and panelist for several Financial Poise webinars on crowdfunding, angel investing and the JOBS Act of 2012. In addition to finance and law, Dave has written extensively about real estate, economics, social media, natural resources and woodworking. He lives in the Chicago area, and is a member of the Alliance for the Great Lakes.

Crowdfunding Equities

Accredited Investor Installment 6: Equity Crowdfunding Under Regulation D

Equity crowdfunding developed under Regulation D matches startups with angel investors in weeks rather than months, shortening timelines all around.

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crowdfunding

Accredited Investor Installment 5: Crowdfunding

In the first of three parts, discover the origins of crowdfunding, which started as rewards-based funding allowing investments in projects in return for rewards.

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A lock on a door, symbolizing the simple agreement for future equity for seed-stage startups

SAFE: Simple Agreement for Future Equity

Y Combinator, a well-known tech accelerator, created the SAFE (simple agreement for future equity) in 2013, and uses it to fund most of the seed-stage startups that participate in its three-month development sessions. With an emphasis on simple, this new equity security works for seed-stage startups.

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The Basics of Convertible Debt

Many of the companies that sell securities via Title III crowdfunding portals, at least in the first year or two, will be early-stage startups with little or no history of profit or even positive cash flow. “In many cases, issuers can avoid thorny disagreements over valuation by offering hybrid securities known as convertible notes to crowdfunding investors”…

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Portals & Broker-Dealers

Two kinds of intermediaries may conduct Title III equity crowdfunding offerings and transactions: (1) funding portals that are not registered broker-dealers, and (2) offering platforms that are registered broker-dealers. Both kinds must be registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

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Fundamentals of Corporate Structures and Private Securities

Title III equity offerings are predominantly C corporation stock, limited liability company (LLC) membership units, convertible debt, and a relatively new structure called a simple agreement for future equity (SAFE). This article covers the fundamentals of each of these securities, and their advantages and drawbacks for investors.

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Angel Investor Fundamentals

An angel investor is an individual who provides capital from his or her own funds to a private business owned and operated by someone who is neither a friend nor a family member. Angels often provide the first round of “outside” capital—that is, outside of the founders’ family and friends (the three Fs). Angel capital may be in the form of straight debt, convertible debt, or equity purchases.

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Investing in Water: A Review of Outstanding Books

While global water supply has remained constant over millions of years, the demand has increased six-fold just in the last century. The rate of demand is increasing roughly double the rate of population growth due to irrigation, mining, manufacturing, and other industrial uses as well as household and commercial consumption. Today 40 percent of the people on earth live in water-scarce conditions—that will grow to 60 percent by 2025.

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iDisclose Generates 80%-Final-Draft PPM for Under $5,000

iDisclose is a new web-based, do-it-yourself, automated PPM generator that is much more than a mere template. iDisclose operates much as TurboTax does: The way you answer one question opens up a customized set of drill-down follow-up questions, so the entire document is granularly customized for each issuer. It works for a range of securities, including preferred and common stock as well as convertible debt.

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3 Categories of Startup Growth Potential

If return on investment is your primary reason for angel investing, then you should assess a company’s long-term growth potential before buying its shares. Invest only in companies with high growth potential, among other positive characteristics such as strong management teams and revenue forecasts.

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