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All Articles by David M. Freedman

David M. Freedman

About David M. Freedman

David M. Freedman has worked as a financial and legal journalist since 1978. He has served on the editorial staffs of business, trade and professional journals, most recently as senior editor of The Value Examiner (National Association of Certified Valuators and Analysts). He is coauthor of Equity Crowdfunding for Investors, published in June 2015 by John Wiley & Sons. Freedman has served as moderator and panelist for several Financial Poise webinars on crowdfunding, angel investing and the JOBS Act of 2012. In addition to finance and law, Dave has written extensively about real estate, economics, social media, natural resources and woodworking. He lives in the Chicago area, and is a member of the Alliance for the Great Lakes.

JOBS Act

Legacy of 2012 JOBS Act: Deregulation of Angel Investing

Editor’s Note: This is an updated version of  a similar article, published in January of 2013. To view that article, click here. The JOBS Act Makes Raising Capital Easier Than Ever Signed into law by President Obama on April 5, 2012, the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (or JOBS Act) made it somewhat easier, and often […]


invest in startups

Equity Crowdfunding: New Options for Angel Investors (Part 2)

Thanks to equity crowdfunding, all Americans, not just the wealthy few, can invest in startups and small businesses via the internet.


invest in startups

Equity Crowdfunding: New Options for Angel Investors

The JOBS Act of 2012 opened the door for crowdfunding, which allows companies to collect small contributions to finance or capitalize a popular enterprise.


Assessing the Title III Crowdfunding Market – Ten Weeks Later

Observations about the Title III (Regulation CF) crowdfunding market, 10 weeks into the launch of this new asset class:


Stratifund Rates 55 Crowdfunding Investments

Stratifund currently rates fifty Title III (Regulation CF) offerings and five Title IV (Regulation A+) offerings. Both exemptions, derived from the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, allow all investors, non-accredited as well as accredited, to participate. Stratifund uses a proprietary algorithm, based on five broad criteria, to rate offerings on a scale of 0 to 5.


Who Should Invest in Seed-Stage Companies Under Reg A+?

Nobody, in our opinion, should invest in seed-stage companies that raise capital under Regulation A+. This new securities exemption, based on Title IV of the JOBS Act of 2012, is structured primarily for growth- and later-stage companies.


45 Crowdfunding Deals Rated by Stratifund

Stratifund aggregates and rates Title III (Regulation CF) and Title IV (Regulation A+) crowdfunding offerings, pulling from 9 different funding portals and broker-dealer platforms. Stratifund currently lists 44 Title III offerings and rates 39 of them; and it lists and rates 6 Title IV offerings.


SAFE: Simple Agreement for Future Equity

Y Combinator, a well-known tech accelerator, created the SAFE (simple agreement for future equity) in 2013, and uses it to fund most of the seed-stage startups that participate in its three-month development sessions. With an emphasis on simple, this new equity security works for seed-stage startups.


SAFE Discounts Should Be 50% At Least

The SAFE is like a warrant entitling investors to shares in the company, typically preferred stock, if and when there is a future liquidity event, i.e., if and when the company next raises “priced” equity capital, or is acquired, or files an IPO. Like convertible debt, SAFE deal terms can include valuation caps and share-price discounts, to give early (CF) investors a lower price per share than later (VC) investors or acquirers get for the same equity.


Wefunder Dominates Equity Crowdfunding

When “true” equity crowdfunding launched on May 16, 2016, Wefunder led the new asset class with 10 Title III offerings. Within a few days it added 11 more offerings. No other funding portal that I know of has half as many Title III offerings as Wefunder.


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